Mexican Mobility and Canada: Hardening Boundaries and Growing Resistance

Patricia Martin and Annie Lapalme, North American Congress on Latin America (NACLA), 8 August 2012

Between the mid-1990s and 2009, almost 50,000 Mexicans arrived in Canada to seek political asylum. Each year, however, as their numbers increased, the level of acceptance of their applications by the Canadian government steadily declined (30% in 1996 versus a low of 8% in 2009).  This particular form of mobility between Mexico and Canada largely came to an abrupt end in July 2009, when, overnight, the Canadian government—under the leadership of Stephen Harper of the Conservative Party—imposed strict visa requirements on all Mexican travelers arriving in Canada.